Persian Empire

Ruins of glory and majesty, Persepolis is a magnificent legacy of Persian Empire. Darius I (522-486 BCE) founded Persepolis as the ceremonial capital in 518 BCE. Persepolis means “city of Persians”. As a result, to appropriately introduce its splendor and to be real image of the Achaemenid monarchy itself, he built extremely intricate palatial constructions on a half-natural, half-artificial terrace. Although he didn’t live to see it finished but his descendants, his son Xerxes I (486-465 BCE), and his grandson Artaxerxes I (465-424 BCE), persistently continued his huge job and made it a glorious human heritage. On the foothill of Kuh-e Ramat (Mountain of Mercy) one of the greatest wonders of the ancient world shows up.

Where is Persepolis located?

Renowned as the gem of Achaemenid (Persian) ensembles in the fields of architecture, urban planning, construction technology, and art, Persepolis is located in a fertile plain 50 Km from Shiraz.

13-ha of monumental stairways, throne rooms (Apadana) and reception rooms, is the number one tourist destination in the country. Inspired by the Mesopotamian models, the architecture was to be indicative of its supremacy.


Stepping up the stairs which are decorated by almost-intact bas reliefs of dignitaries with gifts in their hands, you can feel how powerful and respectful the Achaemenid Empire used to be. Following the long but short steps you are at the nation’s gate in Persepolis. A gate which opens door to an ancient wonder not only among Iranians but worldwide. Among all these fascinating buildings, grand staircases and remaining colonnades of Tachara Palace (the oldest palace) are the most sound and safe.

Apart from the majestic palaces, meticulously carved bas reliefs and lotus flowers are frequently appeared throughout the site.

How long does it take?

To discover the ruins completely and in relaxed pace, you need at least half a day time. Don’t rush. The sunset would be a miraculously beautiful scene when sun sprays its light on the stony remnants. It reminds you of rise and fall of empires; no matter how great they were.

Where to stay?

Since the site is only 50 Km away from Shiraz, you can either get back to Shiraz and spend the night there or book a room close to the magnificent ruins of Persepolis.

UNESCO listed Persepolis as a world heritage site in 1979.

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