Gardens in ancient Iran were resembling the paradise. As a result, they had to be as complete and eye catching as possible. These 9 pieces of heaven are located in as many provinces in Iran. They represent the diversity of Persian garden designs that evolved while adapted to different climate conditions. The gardens symbolize Eden as well as four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water as well as plants.
But how did they land on earth?
Once again human creative ingenuity worked and created an enduring heritage. The principle, used in the construction of the Persian gardens, started in Achaemenid era, in the times of Cyrus the Great, 6th century BC in Pasargadae.
Design of the Persian gardens according to geometrical proportions, is usually divided into four sections well known as Chahar Bagh (four gardens). These masterpieces came to existence owing to innovative engineering and inventive water system. The appropriate choice of flora, considering the climate, and their exact locating are other characteristics of these gardens.
Safavid era is the pinnacle of building Gardens. Therefore, Gardens were a fundamental element in urbanism and played a crucial role in the city’s construction.
We can find some references to the Persian garden, in literature, poetry, music, calligraphy as well as carpet design.
As a stark contrast to the desert context, these gardens are a green diamond on the earth ring.
These Persian Gardens are as follow:
2- Fin Garden in Kashan
3- Shazdeh Garden in Kerman (Mahan)
4- Eram Garden in shiraz
5- Abasabad Garden in Mazandaran (Behshahr)
6-Dowlat abad Garden in Yazd
7-Persian Garden Akbariye Garden in Birjand
8- Chehel sotoun Garden in Isfahan
9- Pahlevan pour Garden in Yazd (Mehriz)
Each of these green Jewels, Persian gardens, are symbols of Iranians’ tight relationship with nature.You shouldn’t miss these pieces of heaven when travel to Iran. You not only can visit ancient Persian’s history but ancient Persian art.